highlighted strategic goal of the Hungarian Government is joining Hungary to the
European Union. However, the positive effects of the joining can be felt by the
country only if an active preparation process starts as soon as possible. The
participation in the Complex Development of South Transdanubia programme, that
aims the widening of the regional relations, forms part of it.
By establishing the Mohács Enterprising Area it becomes necessary to make
public the fact also on international regional relation level, that this region
of Baranya county due to its geopolitical position is the prospective southern
EU gate of Hungary. In order that it could really become that, it must prepare
for the duties accompanying this, and especially there is a need for considerable
developments and investments.
In the Alps-Adriatic Working Community the representative of Baranya County described
the traffic focus position of the region at several forums during 1998. As a result
of this work, in August 1998, the Bavarian representative of the Alps-Adriatic
Working Community, Dr. Gerd Beinhardt, the ministerial counsellor of the Bavarian
Economic and Technological Ministry and Wolfgang Ulbrich, the Director General
of the Euro Networks Limited Consulting Company in Brussels arrived to Mohács
on a two days visit.
was that time, when the necessity and possibility of participating in the ECOS
OUVERTURE programme, that aims the development of the inter-regional relations,
This program supports the establishment and development of the co-operation between
the regions of EU countries and the regions of countries that are waiting for
joining. The requirement is that an intention for co-operation must be formulated
between at least 1 EU region and 2 joining country regions. The circle of regions,
which intend to co-operate with the Baranya-Mohács interests was formed
by the beginning of September month, 1998.
· North Portugal region
· Passau region of Bavaria
· Koper and its surroundings
· Mohács region of Baranya County
On 14th of September, 1998., dr. Gerd Beinhard organised a forum for those regions
which intended to participate in the ECOS OUVERTURE programme at the local chamber
of commerce in Passau.
In Passau, the experts representing the regions outlined the overall interests
and main objectives of their regions, which they intended to achieve in the course
of ECOS OUVERTURE programme and during the negotiations they revealed the topics
subject to common interest.
At the end of the negotiations an agreement was made, that the ECOS OUVERTURE
application must be prepared for promoting the co-operation between the four regions.
The foreign partners learning the geographical, economic position and prospective
opportunities of Baranya County, and within it of Mohács, came forward
with the proposal, that the applicant may count on a much larger success, if Baranya
County - and within it, the Local Government of Baranya County would undertake
the principle partner role representing the four regions /Pricipal Partner 1./.
The participants requested Wolfgang Ulbrich, the Director General of the Euro
Networks Limited Consulting Company to prepare the application for the ECOS
OUVERTURE programme announced for the years 1998-2001. by 15th of November,
The application was prepared, and was taken over under the number of (XVI.)
A2/JBR D (98) at the Regional Political and Cohesion Directorate of the European
Union on 13th of November, 1998.
Title of the application is: Regional Development Strategy of Mohács and
Fields of co-operation:
1. Programme group for the developing the working methods and means of the local
and regional authorities
2. Establishing the local and regional development strategies, with special
respect to the preparation for the EU enlargement.
1. Local Government of Baranya County and Local Government of Mohács
2. Bavarian Economic, Transportation and Technological Ministry
3. Local Government of Koper
4. Co-ordination Agency of the CCRN North Portugal Region
The general objective of the programme is to provide assistance for the Local
Governments of Baranya County and the Slovenian Koper Istria area preparing
and evaluating the regional development plan.
In more details, Baranya County - as the prospective gate of EU towards the
Balkans - prepares an ambitious programme for Mohács region beside the
Danube, on which probably two new European traffic corridor is going to pass
through. This programme includes such parts, as a bridge over the Danube at
Mohács, river pier, logistics centre, and free economic zone.
Koper / Istria Slovenia has a regional overall development plan for 20 years,
but is looking for assistance for planning and launching special investment
projects, and for their social and environmental effects in the coastal region
which is sensible from environmental protection aspect.
Those, who have ever accompanied foreign guest, or businessman with car between
Budapest and Mohács, could perceive, that first time they only consider
it to be a nice excursion, but if it is made several times - and especially
for business purpose - then the accessibility of this region of Transdanubia
becomes an impeding factor of the relations.
For this circumstance - that impedes the economic and international integration
- a solution is offered by constructing the motorway no. M56 as part of the
V/C traffic corridor.
with government resolution no. 1085/0997. the necessity of the motorway no.
M6-M56 was put into the national medium and long-term development concept, which
was an important base for negotiations at the Zagreb Transport Conference held
on 13th of May, 1997.
Beyond the tighter interest of Baranya, all these are also strongly emphasised
by the circumstance, that with the end of the South Slavonic war the position
of Mohács region and the whole Transdanubia will be basically and strategically
changed and revalued.
What does actually mean the motorway no. M6-M56?
The motorway can be divided into three main sections:
The first section goes to Dunaújváros.
The second section goes to Szekszárd.
The third section ensures a connection with Croatia in Mohács region,
providing a good traffic connection for Osijek.
The resolution no. 17/1997. (XII.4.) of the Mohács Regional Area Development
Association includes, that the passing over the Danube towards the Small Yugoslavia
should also be taken into account, as well as the point to start the realisation
of the Hungarian section from the southern border of Baranya.
The function of the motorway:
The primary function of the motorway is to improve the traffic of the Danube
regions and Mohács region. The other important consideration is to establish
a route which fulfils the present transport and traffic habits and requirements
- that are different from the traditional ones - , and which connects to the
European Motorway Network. It is link of a forming North-South axis, that connects
the Northern coastline of Poland to the Adriatic.
The third important consideration is that it could lead down the transit traffic
safe and fast between North and South Europe.
At establishing the concept of the motorway we pay great attention, that it
does pass through such territories, where there is a considerable need for improving
the traffic infrastructure, and for the economic brightening up due to this
At marking the lane variations of Routes No. M6-M56, the protection of the
lands and environmental values is a primary consideration. Second consideration
is the technical feasibility. It is very important: the most effective traffic
organisation for supplying the cities in Dunaújváros, Szekszárd
and Mohács regions. We also pay attention to the relations of the different
traffic field specializations.
This infrastructure investment of considerable importance would extend its favourable
effects for the entire Danube regions, thus it requires the co-operation of
all important actors in economic, political and scientific life.